Socio Economic Profile

Varanasi (Varansi) District: Census 2011 data

An official Census 2011 detail of Varanasi (Varansi), a district of Uttar Pradesh has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Uttar Pradesh. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Varanasi District of Uttar Pradesh.
In 2011, Varanasi had population of 3,676,841 of which male and female were 1,921,857 and 1,754,984 respectively. In 2001 census, Varanasi had a population of 3,138,671 of which males were 1,649,187 and remaining 1,489,484 were females. Varanasi District population constituted 1.84 percent of total Maharashtra population. There was change of 17.15 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Varanasi District recorded increase of 25.14 percent to its population compared to 1991.


According to the 2006 City Development Plan for Varanasi, approximately 29% of Varanasi's population is employed. Approximately 40% are employed in manufacturing, 26% work in trade and commerce, 19% work in other services, 8% work in transport and communication, 4% work in agriculture, 2% work in construction, and 2% are marginal workers (working for less than half of the year). Among manufacturing workers, 51% work in spinning and weaving, 15% work in metal, 6% work in printing and publishing, 5% work in electrical machinery, and the rest work in a wide variety of industry sectors.[91] Varanasi's manufacturing industry is not well developed and is dominated by small-scale industries and household production. Silk weaving is the dominant industry in Varanasi.Muslims are the influential community in this industry with nearly half a million of them working as weavers, dyers, sari finishers, and salespersons. Weaving is typically done within the household, and most weavers are Momin Ansari Muslims.

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Varanasi is known throughout India for its production of very fine silk and Banarasi saris, brocades with gold and silver thread work, which are often used for weddings and special occasions. The production of silk often uses bonded child labour, though perhaps not at a higher rate than elsewhere in India.The silk weaving industry has recently been threatened by the rise of power looms and computer-generated designs and by competition from Chinese silk imports. In the metal manufacturing sector, Diesel Locomotive Works is a major employer.
Bharat Heavy Electricals, a large power equipment manufacturer, also operates a heavy equipment maintenance plant.Other major commodities manufactured and traded in Varanasi include hand-knotted Mirzapur carpets, rugs, dhurries, brassware, copperware, wooden and clay toys, handicrafts, gold jewellery, and musical instruments.Important agricultural products include betel leaves (for paan), langra mangoes and khoa (solidified milk). Tourism is Varanasi's second most important industry.
Over 3 million domestic and 200,000 foreign tourists visit annually (in 2005 and 2010, respectively), most commonly for religious purposes.Most domestic tourists are from Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh, while the majority of foreign tourists are from Sri Lanka and Japan.
The peak tourist season falls between October and March. In total, there are around 12,000 beds available in the city, of which about one half is in inexpensive budget hotels and one third in dharamsalas. Overall, Varanasi's tourist infrastructure is not well developed. The prominent malls and multiplexes in Varanasi are JHV Mall in the Varanasi Cantonment area, IP Mall in Sigra, IP Vijaya Mall in Bhelupur, and PDR in Luxa. The city has several banks, including the Allahabad Bank, Andhra Bank, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, Central Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, and State Bank of India.


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